Three men charged in alleged gang sexual assault of year-old girl by News staff Local Left to right: Gavin Campbell, 20; Trian Vassel, 19; and Keyon Small, 20, have been charged in connection with the alleged sexual assault of a year-old girl. Three Toronto men are facing at least 40 charges after an alleged gang sexual assault of a year-old girl last August. Police say a year-old man began talking to the girl in July and lured her to his home a month later. Once there, the man and two of his friends allegedly sexually assaulted her. Trian Vassel, 19, was arrested in February while in custody for an unrelated matter, and charged with 28 offences including gang sexual assault, sexual assault causing bodily harm, forcible confinement and making child pornography. One of his friends, year-old Gavin Campbell, 20, was also arrested in February while in custody for an unrelated matter, and charged with seven offences including sexual assault causing bodily harm, gang sexual assault, and forcible confinement. He faces five charges, including gang sexual assault and forcible confinement. He appeared in court on April 1.
Dating and viability What is a dating scan? A dating scan is an ultrasound examination which is performed in order to establish the gestational age of the pregnancy. Dating scans also reveal other important information such as:
They made me drink 4 cups of water and my bladder was almost bursting at the end of the session.
References “The technology of prenatal diagnosis is usually presented to us as a solution, but it brings with it problems of its own If you’ve already read it, you may want to skip ahead. All pregnant women in our technology-happy modern society face confusing choices about prenatal testing, its advantages and disadvantages, and its appropriateness for them. Large pregnant women face even more confusion, since prenatal testing can be slightly harder in this population, and the results can be more confusing.
However, since they may be at a somewhat increased risk for problems like neural tube defects, they also face greater pressure than others to have these prenatal tests, even though the tests are often difficult to interpret. It is further designed to address the special concerns that large women might have in taking these tests their fears, any special equipment or techniques that might be helpful, the controversies over interpretation of results, whether large women have a higher rate of so-called ‘false-positives’ on certain tests and why, etc.
It’s important to remember that discussing prenatal tests can be simple or incredibly complicated, depending on the degree of detail that is needed and the point under discussion. This FAQ is NOT intended to be a full explanation of all the intricacies of taking and interpreting various prenatal tests, but rather a discussion of them as they pertain to large women. A brief description of the test, its purpose, and the procedures used are given for each test, but the majority of the information is about the specifics of large women and the test.
If you need more detail about statistics, interpretation of results, rates of ‘false-positives’, etc. It is also important to realize that most women take these tests without fully considering all of the implications of the test. Most women think of these as a simple test, a cursory part of prenatal care.
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It is usually part of an assessment called combined first trimester screening. Combined first trimester screening Combined first trimester screening assesses the risk for your baby having certain chromosomal abnormalities trisomy 13, 18 and This testing combines the nuchal translucency ultrasound with specific blood tests. Nuchal translucency ultrasound alone can also provide this risk assessment, but it is not as accurate as combined first trimester screening.
Rest assured that most large women have an unremarkable experience with ultrasounds.
You may like to take a look at charts for crown-rump length , biparietal diameter , femur length , abdominal circumference , gestational sac diameter , yolk sac diameter and intrauterine fetal weight. If you have problems understanding and calculating your due date, check out and download a copy of the Ob calculator by York Winston. Hutchon’s site and the Gestation Network also provide pregnancy calculators.
A large number of mails I received are about fetal anomalies, I have therefore tried to put together a Catalogue of Web pages which describe in some detail specific congenital anomalies that are diagnosable by ultrasound. You can visit the page here. I am pregnant for 7 weeks. I went for a scan yesterday and was told I should have a full bladder. They made me drink 4 cups of water and my bladder was almost bursting at the end of the session.
Is this really necessary? A full bladder is usually necessary when the scan is done abdominally and in the early part of pregnancy. This would tend to lift the uterus up a little bit and being in front displaces the bowels away and act as an echo-lucent windows for the ultrasound to pass through. Ultrasound doesn’t go through air as in the bowels well but transmits perfectly through liquid as in the case of the urine in the bladder. Your doctor will be able to see things so much more clearly with the full bladder there especially the presence or absence of fetal heart beat.
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Transvaginal ultrasound is performed using a special transducer which is slightly thicker than a tampon. It is covered with a disposable latex sheath and lubricating gel, then gently placed into the vagina. The probe sits in the vagina throughout the examination which usually takes between minutes. Most patients find the examination much more tolerable when compared to a cervical PAP smear.
The Parthians were nomadic a nomadic tribe of skilled warriors and not noted for their scientific achievements.
Early pregnancy can be a very exciting time and often couples want to see their baby as soon as possible. This scan is available to anyone who wants some reassurance, but particularly for those who are unsure of their dates, have had some bleeding, pelvic pains, concerns, or have felt that their early pregnancy symptoms have disappeared when they should be present.
The purpose of the early pregnancy scan is: The heart beat of the embryo can be seen from 6 weeks onwards, therefore, the Early Pregnancy Baby Scan can be performed from 6 weeks 0 days — 10 weeks 6 days from the first day of your last menstrual period LMP. If your menstrual cycle is longer than 28 days it is advisable to wait until you are at least till 8 weeks from your LMP to confirm the viability of the embryo as you may not be as far as your dates suggest.
How do I prepare for an Early Pregnancy Scan?
First Trimester / Dating Ultrasound
Can the scan show the gender of my baby? What is actually done? Scans are usually performed by a doctors, midwives or radiographers who are specially trained in ultrasound, and are known as sonographers.
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History of Technology Heroes and Villains – A little light reading Here you will find a brief history of technology. Initially inspired by the development of batteries, it covers technology in general and includes some interesting little known, or long forgotten, facts as well as a few myths about the development of technology, the science behind it, the context in which it occurred and the deeds of the many personalities, eccentrics and charlatans involved.
You may find the Search Engine , the Technology Timeline or the Hall of Fame quicker if you are looking for something or somebody in particular. Scroll down and see what treasures you can discover. Background We think of a battery today as a source of portable power, but it is no exaggeration to say that the battery is one of the most important inventions in the history of mankind.
Volta’s pile was at first a technical curiosity but this new electrochemical phenomenon very quickly opened the door to new branches of both physics and chemistry and a myriad of discoveries, inventions and applications.
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By earning the Midwife Sonography Certificate, midwives gain a critical edge in promoting public safety in women’s point-of-care ultrasound. In order to earn the Midwife Sonography Certificate, the certified-midwife must pass both required components in the following order: Practical Examination You may begin acquiring this experience before passing the computer-based examination and then once that examination is passed, you may submit the practical portion.
Once the eligibility requirements have been met and your application has been approved, you can take the computer-based examination. Upon successfully completing the computer-based examination, you must successfully complete the Practical examination within two years.
The Romans were deservedly renowned for their civil engineering – buildings, roads, bridges, aqueducts, central heating and baths.
What do other people think? I love the weeks indicator on the test. Also their customer care support is excellent, they have very friendly and helpful staff if you need any help. If you’re testing from the day of your expected period, you can test at any time of the day to find out if you’re pregnant. If you’re testing early, and for an accurate Weeks Indicator result, you must use the first urine of the day. Avoid drinking too much liquid before your do the digital pregnancy test.
When ready to test, remove the test stick from the foil wrapper and take off the blue cap. Use the test straightaway.
Fetal health assessment – expert system
Doppler Ultrasound The doppler shift principle has been used for a long time in fetal heart rate detectors. Further developments in doppler ultrasound technology in recent years have enabled a great expansion in its application in Obstetrics, particularly in the area of assessing and monitoring the well-being of the fetus, its progression in the face of intrauterine growth restriction, and the diagnosis of cardiac malformations.
Doppler ultrasound is presently most widely employed in the detection of fetal cardiac pulsations and pulsations in the various fetal blood vessels. The “Doptone” fetal pulse detector is a commonly used handheld device to detect fetal heartbeat using the same doppler principle. Blood flow characteristics in the fetal blood vessels can be assessed with Doppler ‘flow velocity waveforms’. Diminished flow, particularly in the diastolic phase of a pulse cycle is associated with compromise in the fetus.
The transabdominal ultrasound is the type you see all the time on TV.
First trimester ultrasound is performed in the first months of a pregnancy. Pregnancy ultrasounds are performed mainly using transabdominal ultrasound. For many women, especially after 8 weeks gestation, sufficient information about the baby may be obtained with transabdominal ultrasound only. However, in the early pregnancy, the developing embryo is very small at 6 weeks gestation, the baby is only mm long and a transvaginal ultrasound may be required to get a better image of the baby.
Transvaginal ultrasound is safe and commonly performed during all stages of pregnancy, including the first trimester. It will not harm you or your baby. Transabdominal ultrasound involves scanning through your lower abdomen. A small amount of ultrasound gel is put on the skin of the lower abdomen, with the ultrasound probe then scanning through this gel. The gel helps improve contact between the probe and your skin. Transvaginal ultrasound is an internal ultrasound.
It involves scanning with the ultrasound probe lying in the vagina. Transvaginal ultrasound usually produces better and clearer images of the female pelvic organs including the developing pregnancy, because the ultrasound probe lies closer to these structures.
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Ultrasonic Fetal Measurement Standards If we assume a fetus is growing normally, biometric measurements are determined by gestational age, and we can estimate the gestational age and thus the due date. Conditions which alter fetal growth will make the estimates less reliable. Although many embryonic and fetal structures can be measured, only a few measurements are easy and repeatable enough for widespread use. The most common are:
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